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IN SHIZUOKA.COM Shizuoka City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan Visitor Guide

IN SHIZUOKA.COM Shizuoka City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan Visitor Guide Hamamatsu shizuoka
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お茶の種類

typesofjapanesetea.jpg

同じ茶葉から様々なお茶が生まれます。
写真 : 静岡県観光協会




煎茶 Sencha

日本茶の中でも代表的なものが煎茶。蒸す時間を長くし、濃い緑色とマイルドな味わいに仕上げたものを深蒸し煎茶と呼びます。

Sencha is one of the most popular and commonly consumed Japanese green tea. Sencha is made through the process of steaming tea leaves. A longer steaming creates tea with deeper color and milder taste, this tea is called Fukamushi Sencha.
sencha.jpg



番茶 
Bancha

製法は煎茶と同じです。夏、秋摘みの比較的大きく硬めの葉を主な原料としたお茶で成分も豊富です。

Bancha is green tea made from relatively larger and thicker tea leaves which are harvested during a Summer and Autumn. Bancha is very nutritious and is made by using the same process used to make Sencha.
bancha.jpg




玉露 
Gyokuro

よしずなどで茶園を覆い、日光を遮ることで旨味を増し、苦みを抑えてできる、手間暇をかた高級茶が玉露です。

Gyokuro is considered to be one of the highest grades of Japanese green tea. Gyokuro is made from tea leaves in which are grown in shaded farms. The tea leaves are covered with reeds to help cut off the direct sunlight, which allows the bitterness in the tea leaves to decrease and for the rich Umami flavor to increase.
gyokuro.jpg



ほうじ茶 
Hojicha

番茶や煎茶を強火で炒り、香ばしい香りを出したもので、食後の茶に好んで飲まれます。

Hojicha, Roasted Japanese Green tea. Hojicha is made by roasting Bancha or Sencha at a very high temperature. Hojicha is most commonly consumed after meals in Japan.
hojicha.jpg



抹茶 
Matcha

玉露同様、日光を避けた葉を蒸したのち葉脈を取り除いて乾燥させた甜茶にし、石臼で挽いて粉にしたものが抹茶です。

Matcha, Powered Green Tea. Matcha is made by grounding the tea leaves into a very fine powder by using a stone mill. Matcha leaves are also grown in shaded farms and go through the same process as Gyokuro, but require for the leaf veins to be removed and for the leaf to be completely dry. This process produces Tencha. Tencha is then ground into powder by using the stone mill.
matcha.jpg




玄米茶 
Genmaicha

番茶や煎茶に高圧で炒った米などを混ぜたもの。香ばしい玄米の香りが風味豊かなお茶です。

Genmaicha is made by adding roasted rice which has been roasted at a high temperature to either Bancha or Sencha.
genmaicha.jpg




紅茶 
Black tea

茶の葉を完全発酵させたもので、濃い赤褐色で香りが高いのが特徴です。世界各地で飲まれ、国産紅茶は海外と異なる香りと味わいです。

Black tea is made by fully fermenting the tea leaves. This tea has a Reddish-brown color and is rich in aroma. Japanese black tea tastes slightly different from most of the black tea consumed around the world.

kocha.jpg

資料提供 : JA shimizu